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Covid symptoms nausea headache. In brief diabetic ketoacidosis dka and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome hhs are two acute complications of diabetes that can result in increased morbidity and mortality if not efficiently and effectively treated. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a form of decompensated diabetes mellitus in which cells use free fatty acids as an energy source because they cannot access glucose due to absolute or relative insulin deficiency. In some cases additional tests may be needed to help determine what triggered the diabetic ketoacidosis.
Diabetic ketoacidosis dka is a cardinal feature of type 1 diabetes. If your doctor suspects diabetic ketoacidosis he or she will do a physical exam and order blood tests. In some cases diabetic ketoacidosis may be the first sign that you have diabetes.
This is not true. This dka quiz will test you on the following. Blood tests used in the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis will measure.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is best classified through the presence of ketones that exist in the liver which are directly correlated to the lack of insulin being produced in the body. However there is a strong almost dogmatic errant perception by physicians that dka is a complication that only occurs in patients with type 1 diabetes. However it rarely occurs in the absence of a precipitating event.
There are 3 types of diabetic coma. Hyperosmolar coma and hypoglycaemic coma. Dka does occur in type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is treated with fluids electrolytes such as sodium potassium and chloride and insulin. Very low or very high blood glucose levels are primary causes of diabetic coma occurring in people with diabetes. In the presence of elevated glucagon and other counter regulatory hormones free fatty acids are broken down into ketoacids.
It can be tough for doctors to spot alcoholic ketoacidosis because its symptoms throwing up and stomach sickness and pain are like those of other conditions linked to alcoholism. Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome hhns are both complication of diabetes mellitus but there are differences between the two complications that you must know as a nurse. Uncommonly diabetic ketoacidosis can occur if you have type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic coma is regarded as a medical emergency requiring immediate treatment.